An Evaluation of the Haitian Perceptions and Attitudes toward the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in Haiti A Study of Human Rights Violation by the United Nations Peacekeepers

Sinaga, Theresia (2014) An Evaluation of the Haitian Perceptions and Attitudes toward the United Nations Peacekeeping Mission in Haiti A Study of Human Rights Violation by the United Nations Peacekeepers. Masters thesis, Institute of Peace Studies and International Relations, Hekima College - A Constituent College of The Catholic University of Eastern Africa.

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Abstract

This study analyzes the Haitian perceptions and attitudes toward the United Nation Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and the management performance of the peacekeepers. The misconduct perpetrated by some of the peacekeepers in sexual abuse of young girls and boys, raping, cholera scandal and the new accusation of stealing goats has affected the credibility and legitimacy of the mission. The explanatory and survey used as the research design for this study. The data are collected through questionnaire and interviews schedule. The respondents of this study were 83 divided into two main categories; Haitian professionals such as lawyers, lecturers, a judge, human rights organization, local non-governmental organization, a religious priest, and police officer. Another category was the University students. The researcher decided to choose the university students because they were more objective in their opinions and attitudes toward the United Nation peacekeepers. The data reveals that the misconduct perpetrated by some of the peacekeepers has brought into negative and unsatisfactory perception. The Haitian professionals and the university students opinion toward the United Nation Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) is not the right mission for Haiti because of the military component. The Haitians argued that the country is not in war therefore there is no need of military component, but rather development. Further, the Haitians view that the military component contributed to the misconduct of the peacekeepers. In regarding the perception and attitudes of the Haitians toward management performance of the peacekeepers, the data reveals that the Haitians are not satisfied. The Haitians rated the peacekeepers 0-25% for their performance. However, the Haitian appreciated some good efforts of MINUSTAH such as peacekeeping and training the Haitian National Police (PNH). Therefore, the study touches the main conclusion that the United Nation Stabilization Mission in Haiti need to revise their mandate again. The importance of regular training on human rights and reinforces the peacekeeping operation principles for peacekeepers seem to be urgent. The zero tolerance for the peacekeepers perpetrators needs to put into practice to avoid the future misconduct and to give deterrent effect.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: The History of the UN Peacekeeping Mission in Haiti, Mandates for Peacekeeping Operation, Human Resource in Peacekeeping Operations, Cases of Human Rights Abuses by United Nations Peacekeepers in Several Countries, Haitian awareness of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH),
Subjects: J Political Science > JZ International relations
Divisions: Comparative
Depositing User: JHI Africa
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2014 06:45
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2018 12:01
URI: http://thesisbank.jhia.ac.ke/id/eprint/106

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