An Investigation of Livelihood Security of Weaver Migrants in the Informal Sector of Addis Ababa

Ayeta, Mesfin (2009) An Investigation of Livelihood Security of Weaver Migrants in the Informal Sector of Addis Ababa. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

[img] PDF (An Investigation of Livelihood Security of Weaver Migrants in the Informal Sector of Addis Ababa)
Ayeta, Mesfin.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (498kB) | Request a copy


This study is based on a household survey. The main objective of the study is to assess the livelihood security of weaver migrants in the informal sector of Addis Ababa on the basis of some selected basic outcome indicators. These indicators are food security, access to water, access to health service, access to sanitation and access to education. In addition, the study aims in assessing the cause of migration of the study populations and their problems. The main instrument employed to gather information was a semi structured Questionnaire administered on a sample of 422 households. And key informant interview method is also applied to validate and supplement the information gathered using the survey. Data was analyzed by applying both descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Generally for the purpose of this study, only weaver migrants who belonged to ethnic group Gamo have been considered. The findings of the survey reveal that both economic and non-economic factors are causes of migration for the study population. A great majority of the respondents (49.1 %) migrated to find new jobs. For the study population lack of market, lack of capital, lack of working place… etc. are the major problems that hamper them from not working effectively. In terms of livelihood assets, about half of the households have no access to credit service. Eighty two percent of the sample households have saving. Around one-third of the sample households are working in their own place. In the study area, a sizable portion of the populations (31.5 %) were not secured in food. With regard to household access to drinking water, a good majority of sample households (99 %) are using piped water. Three- fourths of the sample households are using public health service in the case of ill condition of the household members; and of which about one-fifth are not charged to have the treatment. Distance travel was not a question of the study population to get education service. Majority of the sample households (94.1 %) wall of the house made were wood and mud. In addition, about three-fourths of the sample household’s floor of the house is made up of earth. With respect to toilet service, about half of the households are users of public toilet. Generally, the result of the survey analysis indicated that about half of the sample households are not having livelihood security. As to the multivariate analysis family size, total labor force of the household, access to credit service and remittance, ownership of place of work and aggregate income of the household have a significant association with the livelihood security of the household. In other words, the probability to be livelihood secured increases among the households who has access to credit service and remittance, less number of family size, has its own place of work, has more labor force and has better income. However, family size, remittance and ownership of work place have more influence on livelihood security of the household. Based on the above findings, providing better credit service, working place and reducing family size of the household are recommended to bring about better livelihood security by the study population.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Tim Khabala
Date Deposited: 18 May 2018 14:28
Last Modified: 18 May 2018 14:28

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item