Human-Wildlife Conflict with Special Emphasis on Pest Primates in and around Chato Forest, Horro Woreda, Western Ethiopia

Werkineh, Asebe Regasa (2017) Human-Wildlife Conflict with Special Emphasis on Pest Primates in and around Chato Forest, Horro Woreda, Western Ethiopia. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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This study was conducted to assess human wildlife conflict with special emphasis on pest primates around Chato forest, Horo district, Western Ethiopia. The study was carried out from September2016 to June 2017. The main objective of the study was to identify the cause and effect of human wildlife conflicts, to estimate the loss of crops destroyed by pest primate and to estimate the population size of primate pest in the study sites. The data for this study was collected via structured questionnaires, Focus Group Discussion, direct observation and secondary sources. Field observation using line transect was used to estimate the population size of pest primates and to estimate the crop loss due to pest primates. The collected data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Science. Chi-square test was employed to compare number of Anubis baboon and Vervet monkey counted during dry and wet season and also was employed to compare traditional methods used by the respondents. The result of the respondents should 66.1% and 12.4% existence of Human wildlife conflict manifested via crop damage and livestock predation respectively. The findings also showed that there was significantly different on the number of Anubis Baboon in dry and wet season (p<0.05).The response of respondents report that habitat disturbance, increased subsistence agriculture, deforestation as causes of Human wildlife conflict. Anubis Baboon, Vervet monkey, Wild pig, Warthog, Porcupine and Civet cat were identified as damage causing wild animals. Most raided crops were maize (Zea mays) in the production season. About 28.1% of maize was damaged by crop raiders from the total estimated maize plant. A total of 265 and 295 Anubis baboon and 168 and 206 Vervet monkey were estimated in the sampled forest in dry and wet season respectively. Respondents used guarding, making scarecrow, chasing and smoking to defend crop raiders. There was significant difference between the respondents (P<0.05) in using those traditional methods in which about 70% of them used guarding and 4.1% of them used smoking which was the highest and lowest methods used by respondents respectively. The present study identifies the major causes of Human wildlife conflict in Horro district, western Ethiopia and manifested through crop damage and livestock predation, wild animals habitat disturbance and increased subsistence agriculture. Therefore, based on the finding of this study, it is recommended palatable and nutritive crops should not be grown near the forest edge, educate the local community about a benefit, wildlife conservation ,conservation education is paramount and cooperatively keep their crop.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Human wildlife conflict, crop raiders, pest, habitat disturbance
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QL Zoology
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Selom Ghislain
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2018 12:54
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2018 12:54

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