Ethiopian Field Epidemiology Training Program (EFETP)

Ahmed, Aliy Endriss (2017) Ethiopian Field Epidemiology Training Program (EFETP). Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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INTRODUCTION Scabies is a highly contagious skin disease caused by a parasite is a mite that burrows under the skin. The causative agent of human scabies is the mite, Scarcoptes scabiei. A WHO review collated data from 18 prevalence studies between 1971 and 2001, and reported a scabies prevalence ranging between 0.2% and 24%. In some underdeveloped countries, prevalence has been reported to be between 4 and 27% among the general population. We aimed to identify the magnitude of scabies outbreak and risk factors. Methods: We conducted scabies out break investigation in bati district from March 12- 13, 2016 and Case-control study design was used. We used simple random sampling methods to select randomly from the line list and two controls for one case were selected by using systematic random sampling method from the neighbors of cases and structured questionnaire was used to collect data. RESULTS In bati districts out of the total scabies cases (142 cases) reported in bati districts 46(32%) were under 15years and 73(51%) were female. More than half 89(63.3%) of the case had history of slept with contracted scabies and 92(64.5%) had seen scabies lesion and 118(83.3%) had skin sores. The attack rate was highest in age <5 years (335per 100,000 population) followed by age 5-9 years with (232/100,000 population). CONCLUSION Children less than 9 years of age were more affected group during the outbreak .Basing scabies cases and putting clothes with scabies case were risk factor for scabies occur, on the other hand detergent used to take shower and frequency of washing clothes were protective for scabies therefore avoiding contact with scabies cases and promoting hygiene and sanitation were best solution to prevent scabies.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Vincent Mpoza
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2018 13:38
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2018 13:38

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