Ethnobotany of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Hawa Gelan District, Kelem Wollega Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Ayana, Fikiru (2017) Ethnobotany of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Hawa Gelan District, Kelem Wollega Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

[img] PDF (Ethnobotany of Traditional Medicinal Plants in Hawa Gelan District, Kelem Wollega Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia)
Fikiru, Ayana.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy


An ethnobotanical study of traditional medicinal plants were conducted to identify and document medicinal plant species used by the community to treat both human and livestock diseaese in Hawa Gelan District, Kellem Wollega Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia between December 2016 and August 2017. A total of 100 informants were selected who represent the community of the study area.The ethnobotanical data collection method in this study were semi-structured interview, group discussion, field observation , market survey and others. A total of 102 medicinal plant species which distributed across 47 families were identified.Of these 63 plant species were wild and the remaining 39 were from homegarden.The most abundant growth forms of plants were herbs which account 38.23%(39) followed by shrubs which account 27.45%(28) ,the third life forms were trees which account 24.50%(25) and the rests were climbers ,which is only 9.80%(10). Of all the 102 medicinal plants of the study area 73 of them were used to treat human , 15 species were used to treat livestock and 14 species were used to treat both of them. The most abundants families were Fabaceae (10 species) followed by Solanaceae (9 species), Asteraceae ( 8) and Lamiaceae (6) and others were also observed in study area.The highly utilized parts of plants were leaves then followed by root.The majority of condition of of prepation was from fresh materials followed by dried and mixture of both. About 58 health problems were reported in the district out of these 45 were of human ,5 health problem were of livestock only and 9 were of both human and livestock disease identified in study area. The highest mode of preparation were squeezing and pounding which have equal percentage of preparation and the next was crushing mode. The most commonly used route of admistration was oral followed by dermal application methods.The results indicate that rular community of Ethiopia are still knowledgeable about traditional medicinal plants despite the impact of land use land cover in the area,as it happens in other parts of the country. The major threatening factor to medicinal plants was agricultural expansion. The fragmented forest left in the study area shuold be protected from anthropogenic factor and concervation action on medicinal plants should be encouraged .

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethnomedicine,Medicinal Plants,Wollega Zone
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Q Science > QK Botany
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RV Botanic, Thomsonian, and eclectic medicine
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Selom Ghislain
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2018 13:57
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2018 13:57

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item