Sexual risk Behaviors among Preparatory and Vocational Students in Bishoftu City Administration, Oromia Regional, State

Dadi, Dinku (2012) Sexual risk Behaviors among Preparatory and Vocational Students in Bishoftu City Administration, Oromia Regional, State. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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Introduction: Sexual risk behavior accounts for a large number of vulnerabilities for acquiring HIV infection. Alcohol use has been shown to increase high-risk sexual behavior. Moreover, the social dynamics that surround alcohol use, sexual risk behavior and HIV infection and interactions between these issues warrant a search for alternative ways of dealing with the problem. Worldwide Human Immunodeficiency Virus poses an enormous challenge on the survival of humankind, and most serious infectious disease challenges to public health. Risk sexual behaviors among adolescents and young adults have received growing attention during the past decade. Worldwide, 2.6 million adolescents are newly infected every year, with sexual transmission being the most common way the human immunodeficiency virus is contracted by adolescents. Objectives: To assess sexual risk behaviors, among preparatory and vocational students in Bishoftu city administration, Oromia Regional. Methods: Across sectional study was conducted from January to Jun, 2011 among preparatory and vocational students. Two stage sampling technique was used to select sample size of 924 students from both schools. Data were collected through anonymous structured questionnaire and pretested among other students who were not participating in the study. The questionnaire consists of socio-demographic characteristics, and sexual history of Preparatory and Vocational students. After data collection the data were cleaned, audited and entered into EPI info and analyzed using SPSS for windows computer software packages. A bivariate and logistic regression analysis was employed. Result: A total 875 students from Preparatory and Vocational schools completed the questionnaire making the response rate of 98%. Overall our study finding showed that 30.2% Preparatory and Vocational school students were to be at risk sexual behavior. Risk sexual behavior was positively associated with sex (being male) (AOR =1.47; 95 %; C I; 1.08, 2.02), age 18 years and above (AOR = 2.62; 95% C I; 1.79, 3.83), drink alcohol frequently (AOR=1.93; 95% C I; 1.38, 2.68) and smoke cigarette frequently (AOR=168; 95% C I; 1.12, 2.52). Conclusion and Recommendation: Considerable proportion of Preparatory and Vocational students were to be at risk of sexual behavior. This study also found that age 18 years and above, male sex, drink alcohol and smoking cigarette frequently was associated with risk sexual behavior. And more effective school health program intervention should be implemented among school youths to prevent risk sexual behavior through school based sex education. Intervention strategies among school youths should be implemented to prevent substance use (alcohol and cigarette) by the use of health- promoting school model charter of WHO.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Vincent Mpoza
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2018 08:20
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2018 08:20

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