Sanitary Survey of Food and Drinking Establishments in Ambo Town West Showa Zone Oromia Region

Guteta, Dugassa (2007) Sanitary Survey of Food and Drinking Establishments in Ambo Town West Showa Zone Oromia Region. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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Introduction: food is a major factor affecting health and well beings. Consumption of contaminated foods and flesh of infected animals can resulted in different types of food born infections. Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess sanitary conditions of public food and drinking establishment, in Ambo town, West Showa zone, Oromia Region. Methods: a cross- sectional survey was carried out to assess sanitary conditions of public food and drinking establishments from February to March 2007. Standardized pre-tested questionnaire and observational check list were used for data collections. Open ended questionnaire were used for physical check up and stool examination of food handlers. Results: Majority (96.6%) of the establishments were owned privately. 54.4% of catering establishments had their food and drinking business in rented buildings. Eighty six percent of the establishments were managed by the owner themselves. 38.9% of catering establishments had their activity of food and drinking business without formal licensing. There were high proportion of poor physical conditions of premises (poor repair of kitchen and dinning rooms). Sanitary condition of formal (licensed) catering establishments was found in better conditions in comparison to informal ones. Among one hundred twenty three establishments that had kitchens only 23.6% of the establishments were rated as good sanitary conditions. Storage of ready to be used equipments were safe in establishments in which sanitary inspections was done in the last one year in comparison of uninspected establishments (OR = 6.53; 95% C.I (3.07, 13.86)). Among food handlers for whom stool examination done the overall worm infection were found to be 34.5%. Conclusions and recommendations: - Sanitary conditions of many catering establishments were not satisfactory due to high proportion of insanitary conditions of premise, therefore the probability of food contamination in these establishments were high. Legal licensing, sanitary inspection and self control have positive impact on improvement of sanitary conditions of catering establishments. As the solution to improver insanitaryconditions of catering establishments’ Health sectors, Municipality, Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism should work in integrations with enforcing to be licensed for those non-licensed and by regular follow up (inspection of sanitary conditions of the establishments). Training of catering managers was rewarded inturn to train and supervise food handlers. Planning and implementation of proper waste handling and disposal was the must to improve currently unacceptable handling and disposal system of waste.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Emmanuel Ndorimana
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2018 12:07
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2018 12:07

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