Ethiopia Field Epidemiology Training Program (EFETP) Compiled Body of Works in Field Epidemiology

Gutema, Tarekegn Disasa (2017) Ethiopia Field Epidemiology Training Program (EFETP) Compiled Body of Works in Field Epidemiology. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

[img] PDF (Ethiopia Field Epidemiology Training Program (EFETP) Compiled Body of Works in Field Epidemiology)
Tarekegn Disasa.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy


Ethiopia has been giving special attention to the control of epidemic prone diseases, of international concern and diseases on eradication and elimination programs, through surveillance activities. The role of public health practitioners include ensuring effective health promotion, disease prevention and control activities, conducting surveillance on emerging public health threats and providing relevant information to policy makers and public health officials. From October, 2015 to end of April, 2017 I have stayed in Field Epidemiology Training Program, School of Public Health-AAU and Oromia Regional Health Bureau field base. We carried out two outbreak investigations, one surveillance data analysis, one evaluation of public health surveillance system, one woreda health profile description, two abstracts for scientific conference, one Maher assessment, one research proposal and other activities as additional outputs. Chapter I: We conducted epidemiological investigations of two outbreaks. We used descriptive and analytic epidemiology during investigations. We identified several factors that contributed to AWD outbreak in Limmu Woreda and found that lack of knowledge about the disease and lack of purifying water they used were attributed for the outbreak. We recommended awareness creation and use of treated water to stop outbreak in the community. We also confirmed measles outbreak in Limmu Seka Woreda. Being unvaccinated and having poor awareness on the mode of transmission for measles infection were found to be risk factors for developing the disease. We recommended improved routine and campaign measles immunization targeting less than 15 years, and also health education on means of transmissions, treatment and prevention of measles infection has to be enhanced. Chapter II: We did measles surveillance data analysis of five years (2011-2015 G.C) of Guji Zone to describe by person, place and time. Approximately equal numbers of cases were reported by gender and the most and the least affected age groups were 1-4 and ≥15 years respectively. Majority of cases were either not vaccinated or their vaccination status were unknown. Enhancing routine and campaign measles immunization targeting less than 15 years of age would prevent future risk.Chapter III: We conducted evaluation of surveillance system in South West Shoa Zone from February 7-22, 2017. The overall surveillance system of the zone was weak. Regular monitoring of program specific supportive supervision and continuous feedback system should be strengthened for more improvement of the completeness and timeliness and/or surveillance system as whole. Chapter IV: We did health profile description, health and health related data, of Tiyo Woreda during 01/28/2016- 02/08/2016 G.C. Acute febrile illness was a top leading cause of outpatient morbidity in the woreda. Acute upper respiratory infection, Typhoid fever, whereas Pneumonia are among top ten diseases that cause outpatient morbidity in adult and Pneumonia, Non-bloody diarrhea, Dysentery and Diarrhea with dehydration were the commonest diseases that cause morbidity in under-five children in the woreda. Typhoid fever, Malaria all cases, Urinary tract infection and Non-bloody diarrhea were among top ten diseases that cause inpatient admission. Chapter V: We did scientific manuscript for peer reviewed journals on Measles outbreak in Limmu Seka, Jimma Zone. Chapter VI: We prepared two abstracts for submission to scientific conference during residency time. These are;  Five years (2011-2015)-Measles surveillance data analysis, Guji Zone Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2016.  Measles Outbreak-Limmu Seka Woreda, Jimma Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 2017. Chapter VII: We conducted Meher assessment (Narrative summary of disaster situation) in Oromia Region to identify humanitarian needs in drought affected areas from November 20 to December 14, 2016 in selected woredas of Guji, Borena and West Guji Zones. Cholera outbreaks were occurred in all three zones. Malaria, cholera and measles are the most anticipated risk in the zones. Malnutrition was a major problem in all visited woredas. Chapter VIII: We prepared one epidemiological research project proposal on assessment of prevalence and determinant factors associated with childhood measles vaccination status in Limmu Seka Woreda, Jimma Zone, Oromia Region. Descriptive cross-sectional study will be used for the study. A total of 865 mothers/caretakers with 12-23 months age child will be selected by systematic random sampling from randomly selected five kebeles of the woreda. Socio-demographic status of mothers/caretakers, knowledge of mothers/caretakers onimmunization service, place of delivery will be assessed using questionnaire adopted from EDHS and different similar studies. Chapter IX: I participated on post malaria epidemic need assessment and supporting mitigation activities conducted in Abaya Woreda, Borena Zone, Oromia Region during May/2016. Objective of the assessment were verifying reported data, identify potential risk factors and support mitigation activities in the woreda. About 7,762 malaria cases were reported from the woreda though there were data discrepancies at some health posts. Health posts reported 46% of cases. Guangua HC reported 30% of cases and Odo Mique HP reported 7% of cases during the epidemic period. Malaria cases reached peak during WHO week 17 in the woreda. Presence of different ponds, intermittent water and false banana for mosquito breeding sites and accumulation of malnutrition in the woreda identified as risks. Distribution of LLINs, Mass fever treatment, conducting spray and source reduction were major activities performed to control the epidemic. I participated on different trainings and review meetings given by ORHB and partners. Topics: Cholera epidemic prevention and control and case management protocol, Training on Maternal death surveillance and response (MDSR), PHEM review meeting six months and ten months activities report and performance evaluation, Vulnerability Risk Assessment and Mapping (VRAM) given by EPHI. I participated on cholera epidemic prevention and control activities in Sebeta, Burayu, Sululta, Laga Tafo and Bishoftu Towns and other four zones (support by distribution of Medicals supplies, receive report and give feedback). I prepared weekly bulletin on PHEM report of Oromia Regional Health Bureau for WHO Epidemiologic week 34 of 2016. The health facilities report completeness for that week was 87% and above the expected national level (80%). Suspected measles cases, confirmed malaria cases and cholera cases were kept increasing and SAM were decreasing during week 34 of 2016.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Emmanuel Ndorimana
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2018 14:03
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2018 14:03

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item