Major Challenges to the National Extension Intervention Program (NEIP) in Addressing the Food Security Problem in The SNNPRS

Abiyo, Abera (2001) Major Challenges to the National Extension Intervention Program (NEIP) in Addressing the Food Security Problem in The SNNPRS. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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This study reviews the implementation process of National Extension Intervention Program (NEIP) in the South Nations Nationalities and Peoples' Regional State (SNNPRS). It attempts to identify and examine the major constraints to the program in addressing the problem of food security. Although it was proved that the yield per hectare and per capita food production has been increased on the plots of the participants, this study both at the Regional level and from the perspective of the local community indicates that the implementation is encountered with various challenges. While the increased [ood productivity greatly contributes to the improvement in food security, the various implementation constraints aggravate the problem offood insecurity. Due to adverse effects of the constraints, food production of the country fell behind the demand since three decades ago. DifJerenf package programs were adopted in the past 10 increase the real income of the small farmers, to alleviate the income disparities within the rural population and create additional employment opportunities. However, the living standards of the rural population could not be changed and poor farmers could not benefit from the approaches of the past package programs. The package programs under the Imperia! Government of Ethiopia had favored only rich farmers and the package programs under the Dergue had favored Producers' Cooperatives. Drawing lessons from the past experience, the current Government designed and implementing new extension program employing the strategy which is termed as Participatory Demonstration and Training Extension System (PADETES). This system of extension is aimed at increasing farm productivity of smal-holders through widespread application of improved technology and farmers' participation Implementation reports obtained from the Regional Bureau of Agriculture proved thai crop yield was doubled in most of the cases. The study from the community perspective also revealed that it was possible to increase the yield per capita as well as food security situation of the households who participate in the PADETES Major problems of the NEIP found by this study include natural hazards (drought. erratic nature of rainfall. and various forms of land degradation), limited availability of technology packages in type and quantity, constraints related to input supply and credit, high cosst of inputs and low prices for agricultural products, poor linkage between research, extension and farmers, and insufficient technology disseminating and communication capacity of the development agents (DAs), On the other hand, the highest increase in crop productivity, creating awareness among farmers about the use of improved inputs, initiating of improved seed productions by farmers in some woredas, increasing interests of farmers from time to time /0 adopt neH' technologies are considered to be the encouraging factors of the program in the Region In order to achieve the food self-sufficiency objective of the program and enhance food security, the major implementation problems should be overcome and the encouraging factors must be strengthened in the process of implementation

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Regional and Local Development Studies
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
T Technology > T Technology (General)
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Andriamparany Edilbert RANOARIVONY
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2018 12:59
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2018 12:59

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