Comparative Analysis of Lozi Royal Praise Poetry between the Male and Female Litunga of Western Province of Zambia in Form, Content, Function and Performance

Namwi, Mukena (2015) Comparative Analysis of Lozi Royal Praise Poetry between the Male and Female Litunga of Western Province of Zambia in Form, Content, Function and Performance. Masters thesis, University of Zambia.

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Poetry is an expression in metrical form and elevated thought of feeling. It is said to be the oldest and most universal of all the literally arts. It holds central position in human culture. Therefore, it can be looked at as a means of entertainment and a medium of expression of important feelings and ideas. However, it also tries to convey experiences that the ordinary language cannot adequately communicate. The Lozi, like other ethnic groups, have been using poetry from the time of their first female queen who settled with them on the Barotse plain. Not only that, it is seen as holding a central position in Lozi culture and used as the main medium of expression to their rulers. Studies have been conducted on poetry and, in particular, praise poetry, but none has been done on the Comparative Analysis. Hence, the study, Comparative Analysis of Lozi Royal Praise Poetry between the Male and Female Litunga of Western Province of Zambia, in form, content, function, and performance. A qualitative approach was used in this study to gather firsthand information from the targeted population. Both primary and secondary data were used. Primary data were collected from the respondents through interviews conducted with the help of a semi-structured (guide) questionnaire. They were also collected through the use of a recorder and a note book. While secondary data were collected from written texts and the internet. The study was based on three theoretical frameworks. The first been Bauman‟s theory (1992), which focuses on expressive forms of culture, forms of art, play, display and performance. Secondly, Feminist theory by Jefferson A and Robey D (1991), whose basis is on the realization that, there is an unequal power of relationship between men and women in society. The third one is Milman Parry‟s theory which looks at the formulaic epithets, which to a modern reader may appear as irritating repetition or a not very meaningful trick of “epic style,” can also be seen as playing a significance part in the composition of poems. From the findings, the study established that praise poetry was the only means of communication used to the king (Litunga) and Queen (Litunga La Mboela). Furthermore, the findings revealed that both Litungas were saluted and praised in the same way regardless of their gender difference and this was in line with the language, diction, figurative speech, etc. Siluyana was the only language used in poetry because they did not want the ordinary people or the majority to understand or get the message in the content. This was so, because the Lozi rulers were not only praised, but also rebuked or advised him or her and hence, avoided washing dirty linen in public. 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Oral sources Inete Tawila Akapelwa (Male-assistant to the Litunga), Limulunga-10/03/2014 Induna Kashimani (Female), Limulunga-24/02/2014-26/02/2014 Ketata Godfrey (Male-Induna), Sesheke (Late)-10/01/2014 Lubinda Samora (Male-Induna and Paddler), Sesheke-25/02/2014-29/02/2014 Mukwae Aongola (Female), Mongu-29/02/2014 Mubiana Mubita (Male-Induna), Imwiko Mongu-27-28/02/2014 Walubita Mutumwenu (Male-Induna), Kaoma-10-18/03/2014 Mwana Mulena Sikota (Male-Induna), Limulunga-27/02/2014 Mrs Anjanganga M. K. C. (Female), Sesheke-11/01/2014-19/03/2014 Mrs Sikota (Female), Limulunga-27/02/2014 Njamba Nalishua (Male-Induna), Senanga -04/03/2014 Namakando Samuel (Male-Induna), Senanga-04/03/2014 Nawa Matakala (Male-Induna), Limulunga-25/02/2014

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PI Oriental languages and literatures
P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General)
Divisions: Comparative
Depositing User: Geoffrey Obatsa
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2018 10:56
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2018 10:56

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