The Causes and Consequences of Migration in Tigray Region: The Case of Hintalo-Wejerat Wereda

Abdu, Mohammed (2006) The Causes and Consequences of Migration in Tigray Region: The Case of Hintalo-Wejerat Wereda. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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This thesis is concerned with the causes and consequences of migration in Hintalo-Mejerat Wereda. The main objective of the study is to survey, assess and identify the main causes and consequences of migration in the wereda. Sources of data were non-migrants, in-migrants and out-migrants as well as community leaders of the wereda. Simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used for non-migrants and in and out-migrants respectively. The majority of the in and out-migrants were concentrated in the young age groups. Family dissolution is higher among in-migrants and out-migrants than non-migrants. In relation to the in-migrants, one-third of them have succeeded in improving their living conditions. With regard to non-migrants, almost fifty percent of them reported that food stocks are not sufficient to last until the next harvest. As far as the out-migrants are concerned, more than fifty percent of the outmigrants have experienced migration before the current movement. Young male out-migrants are engaged in selling brooms and household plastic utensils while older one’s in common with the majority of the women have indulged in begging as a major source of income. The majority of the out migrants want to return to their original place as a result of the difficulties of access to water and unavailability of decent food in the city. Moreover, migration has an impact in increasing school dropout rates in some school of the wereda and HIV/AIDS prevalence even in the rural areas. Most of the in and out-migrant respondents believe migration as a solution for their economic problems. The causes for migration are many and vary from individual to individual in the study area. The main impetus was found to be insecurity resulting from the vagaries of erratic rain-fed agriculture. Beside this, landlessness and absence of oxen aggravate the economic problems of the people. Population pressure is also another cause of rural poverty leading to migration. Agricultural products cannot sustain the people of the study area. Migrant children have been found to lose the positive traditional norms and values of effort and hard work but adopt the habit of pauperism. Therefore other non-agricultural alternatives or resettlement program should be arranged to alleviate the problem.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JV Colonies and colonization. Emigration and immigration. International migration
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Tim Khabala
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2018 13:47
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2018 13:47

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