Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health among Secondary School Students in Sirisia Sub-County, Kenya

Wasike, Hedwick N. (2017) Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health among Secondary School Students in Sirisia Sub-County, Kenya. Masters thesis, Masinde Muliro University of Science and Technology.

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Adolescents are more than one billion worldwide andmore than75% are found in developing countries andfrequently engage in risky sexual behaviors, which result in unprotected sex, unwanted pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections including HIV and AIDS, unsafe abortionsand other reproductive health problems that are the greatest risk to their well -being. In Kenya,inadequate access by adolescents to reproductive health information is one of the key barriers to improved sexual and reproductive well -beingandquality of life. However, there is scanty information in Sirisia sub-county on barriers of paren t adolescent communication. The broad objective of the study was to evaluate parent - adolescent communication on sexual and reproductive health among secondary school students. Specific objectives ofthe study wereto: determine the level of knowledge of parents andadolescents towards s exual and reproductive health, determine the source of information for adolescent communication onsexual and reprodu ctive health and analyze the factors affecting parent -adolescent communication. This study was guided by a conceptual framework developed by the researcher where by independent variables were level of knowledge, source of information and dependent variable was SRH issues . The study adopted cross sectional research design. The study population was 8547 secondary students. The sample size of the study was made up of 697 secondary students, 29 teachers and 48 parents.Purposive sampling was used to select pare nts and teachers. Cluster sampling was used to select sample size of 697 students using Fisher€s formulae . Data was collected using st ructured questionnaire, interview guide and focusgroup discussion. Piloting of the research instruments was done in Webuy e West sub -county to validateandto make research instruments reliable. The reliability coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.75, for interview was 0.78 and for FGD was 0.81. The findings indicate that parent -adolescent communication on sexual andreproductive health in Sirisia Sub Countywas that l evel of education of parents influenced adolescent€s perceived knowledge level. Those whose fathers had no education or had attained primary education were 60%less likely to be knowledgeable than those whose parents had secondary or tertiary education (OR: 0.4; 95% CI: 0.3• 0.6; p < 0.0001) , the main source of adolescent SRH information was found to befrom peers (OR: 6.6; 95% CI: 3.1• 13.9; p <0.0001). C ultural norms andfear of discussionare the major fac tors that affect communication. (OR: 0.2;95% CI: 0.01• 0.82; p =0.009)(OR: 0.2; 95% CI: 0.1 • 08; p =0.01). Thisstudywill assist secondary school stakeholders , education policy makers and provide extensive knowledge about parent -adolescent communication on SRH issues. Similarly, it will affect paramedics to understand sexual behavioral patterns of the adolescents in the society. The study recommendations include ; there should be deliberate efforts made between the parents and adolescents tobridge the cultural& generational communication barriers as identified in the stud y. There shouldbe proper& flexible channels of communication between parents & adolescents that guarantees the credibility of information shared & efforts should also be m ade to ensure that communication on SRH between parents, teachersand adolescents are enhanced . Efforts must equally be made to enhance literacy among the parents to ensure that communication between adolescents and the parents on SRH issues are improved.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
H Social Sciences > HX Socialism. Communism. Anarchism
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Emmanuel Ndorimana
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2018 06:42
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2018 06:42

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