Descriptive Analysis of Road Traffic Crashes in Addis Ababa

Asrat, Yoseph (2015) Descriptive Analysis of Road Traffic Crashes in Addis Ababa. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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This paper discusses the growing problem of road traffic crashs, particularly in Addis Ababa with particular reference to the magnitude, risk factors, interventions and research priorities. The Addis Ababa police commission 2012 annual report depicts that of the 369 people die on roads ,and as many as 2010 people are injured.Over 20% of the injuries occur in kirkose sub-city and 17% of injuries occur in Bole Sub-city Adiministration of the total injuries occur in 2011/2012. The traffic police reports depicts that human error, road environment and vehicle factors as the main causes of road crash. However, little documentation is available on the broader underlying factors such as deficiencies in the breviaries changes, ineffective road safety legislation and enforcement, systems for data collection and management, and inadequate medical infrastructure for post-injury management. Although a variety of road safety interventions have been successfully applied, little attempt has been made to promote and implement them. Every year, on average more than 300 people are killed and 1500 are light and seriously injured on Addis Ababa's roads[Addis Ababa police commission]. The governments have launched several campaigns, such as “Think!” and Road Safety Campaign (RSC) and slogans,like Alert today-Alive the day after today, Please Drive Safety. To help people become aware of road safety issues and try to reduce road crash. Stastical analysis is used in this study. Findings of this study have shown that Drivers’ Age, Educational background and Place of crash significantly affect the number of death/ injuries per crash . Drivers who are in the age group of 18-30 are liable for most of the crashs including the sever ones. Drivers with secondary school level of education take the major responsibility for the increased number of injuries per crash. With regards to places of crashs, particularly in central business districts,organizational and residential areas are where the highest mean of injuries per crash is attained in the order given. The major causes of traffic crashs are failure to give -way for vehicle, ,failure to give-way for pedestrians, and following too closely. On average, about 89 % of the road traffic crash fatalities are pedestrians.From the total traffic crashs occurring yearly, on average more than 4% are fatal crashs and over 19 % of the total traffic crash injuries are fatalities.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Civil and Environmental Engineering
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TE Highway engineering. Roads and pavements
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Andriamparany Edilbert RANOARIVONY
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 12:56
Last Modified: 09 Oct 2018 12:56

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