The Role of NGOs in Human Capital Development: The Case of Beso II Project in Promoting Primary Education in Sidama Zone, SNNPRS

Argo, Abera (2006) The Role of NGOs in Human Capital Development: The Case of Beso II Project in Promoting Primary Education in Sidama Zone, SNNPRS. Masters thesis, Addis Ababa University.

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The purpose of this study was to examine the USAID World Learning /BESO II Project’s primary education improving effort in Sidama Zone, SNNPRS. Descriptive survey method was used to attain the objective of the study. Approximating longitudinal survey with cross-sectional survey was employed to gauge the tangible contribution of the project. The study was conducted in 14 schools of four Woredas in Sidama zone. The subjects of the study were educational authorities and personnel from regional to school level, SDAs, community representatives and officials of project office. Purposive and random sampling techniques were used. Questionnaires were used to collect data from teachers, head teachers, educational personnel and SDAs while interview was conducted with educational authorities at Woreda and regional level, and Zonal and regional level project officials. Focus-group discussion was held with representatives of the community. Moreover, the researcher in some selected schools made field observations. Various documents were also consulted. Data was analyzed through quantitative and qualitative methods. The statistical tools used to analyze quantitative data were percentage and weighted mean. The results have revealed that World Learning BESO II project’s objectives were appropriate for mitigating the educational problems and promoting primary education in the region in general and Sidama Zone in particular. In this regard, the enrollment of students especially that of girls was increased after the intervention of the project. There was also significant improvement in the quality of education in the project schools when compared to initial condition because there was improvement on the contributors of quality. However, the project schools’ result was not reflected at zonal level except for the year 2004/05. Especially the dropout rate, repetition rate and pupil-section ratios were higher in the zonal average than regional ones. The project involved both primary and secondary stakeholders in the activities of its program. As a result, it was able to mobilize the local community with the limited amount of incentive it provided to the project schools. It also initiated the local community to contribute labor, material and finance for the improvement of their children’s schools and develop sense of ownership and belongingness. However, regardless of the attempts made by raising awareness through sustainability workshops and training, the sustainability of the project was not fully realized i.e. the graduated schools were not functioning in the same pace as they had been during the project. There were also some problems that hampered the effective implementation of the project’s activities, which are discussed in chapter four of this study. They require due attention of project and government officials and the community at large.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
L Education > LC Special aspects of education
Divisions: Africana
Depositing User: Tim Khabala
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2018 12:57
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2018 12:57

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